• Dec 16, 2016
  • Goodwyn Tea

Thanks to the Chinese emperor for the amazing discovery of tea. We really owe our tea breaks to him. In fact, today, tea fits everywhere, even as wedding invitation gifts.


But while speaking of tea, there is however one more thing that plays almost equal role dealing with small hunger pangs. Yes, you have guessed it right. We are taking about biscuits. The term “biscuits” derive from two Latin words- ‘bis’ and ‘cotus’, meaning ‘twice’ and ‘baked’ respectively.

Most of us have enjoyed the round ‘marie’ biscuit dunking in the tea as a child. With time, the options around us have evolved a lot. But if we reverse the clock, how far can we travel back in time to trace the biscuits. Let’s have a ride to the journey of biscuits till now.

Biscuits in the Middle Ages-

The credit of making first biscuits (and perhaps, cakes too) dates back to the Romans. But the ones that we are familiar with was made in the Middle Ages. These were quite dry and hard and were considered as ideal staple food for the soldiers and sailors, as these could be stored for a long time.

Biscuits in the Tudor period-

The biscuits in this era were sweetened with honey, as the people of Tudor era were quite fond of sweet food. Marzipan (a confectionery made with almonds and sugar), simnel cake (made from fine flour), banbury cake, fruitcake and scones were made and enjoyed by the 16th century.

Hot cross buns, spicy buns and bread and butter pudding were common food items in the 17th century.

Crumpets and Eccles cookies also dates back to the 18th century.

Biscuits in the modern era-

With the industrial revolution in the 19th century, began the mass production of biscuits, cookies and cakes. Many new types of biscuits were invented such as Garibaldi, Digestive biscuit and Cream Cracker along with Swiss roll and doughnuts. Custard cream, Bourbons and Hobnobs were invented in the 20th century.

Biscuits in today’s era

The people of North America consume a rather soft flour based bread, usually with gravy, jam or sauce.

The people of Europe, on the other hand, consume rather hard biscuits that are beaten flat. These can either be sweet or savory. It also includes a sandwich biscuit, in which a layer of jelly or cream is punched between two biscuits. It has become a hint of sophistication and several times it is included as elegant wedding invitation gifts.